5 (passport investigation off selections for the 1970s and eighties). A) Potato landraces delivery inside Ecuador. The research parts picked for this analysis provided: B) Province from Carchi (north of the country), C) State away from Chimborazo (main a portion of the nation) and you may D) State regarding Loja (southern area of the nation).
The sooner potato range missions about seventies and you may mid-eighties yielded more than eight hundred accessions from Ecuadorian potato landraces. These trials integrated 82 accessions out of Carchi, thirty-five out of Chimborazo and you can 41 out of Loja. not, usually, accessions was destroyed and simply 91 Ecuadorian potato landraces were still managed ex situ at the time the first collection circumstances to possess this research was did from inside the 2006.
Since the carried out in the sooner selections, we looked the newest cantons Espejo, Mira, El Angel, Huaca, Montufar, San Gabriel and you will Tulcan within the Carchi; Chunchi, Colta, Guamote, Guano, Penipe and Riobamba inside Chimborazo (new canton Alausi was one of them range, however in the seventies-eighties collection), and you will Gonzanama, Loja and Saraguro during the Loja. This new choices adopted the new strategy currently utilized by INIAP or any other gene banking companies ( Castillo and you can Herman, 1995 ). The fresh new farmers was basically advised of your function of this study and you may they accessible to deliver the product with the loan companies. Because there is actually zero information regarding anyone farmers that have been decided to go to on the range objectives from the 1970s and you can 1980s, information are attained in just about any mi-crocenter to own producers holding “old potato landraces”, on assumption this particular snowball techniques create submit some suggestions towards current owners off landraces. The newest search off landraces wasn’t restricted to the individuals already said, but also for all the readily available dated landraces. After meeting a specific landrace, some other landrace with similar title out of other character for the an equivalent canton try discarded. Landraces was just accumulated if the morphological looks are (slightly) distinctive from brand new word landrace. All the range is a sample of five so you can ten tubers. After every collection excursion, the fresh new potato examples was in fact brought to the INIAP-Santa Catalina Fresh Station in the Quito getting propagation and investigations.
To get details about for the-ranch potato preservation from the about three search parts, a questionnaire that have 32 concerns is waiting (Appendix step 1). 50 (50) producers was indeed selected for the for each and every search city. Very first, the farmers one to offered germplasm was indeed questioned. Up coming, such growers was requested to suggest other potato farmers on urban area that were already increasing potato landraces or is increasing him or her in past times. At picked farms, the interviews were through with often women or men, centered on accessibility.
Three one to-right through the day character group meetings was in fact organized from inside the for every lookup area: one in Tenta-Loja (), plus the history one out of Pisicaz-Chimborazo (). This type of meetings got three objectives: step one. to add growers having viewpoints about studies, dos. so you’re able to describe some of the conditions that emerged throughout the interviews, step three. to go back landraces amassed inside the for every single study town for the producers. Most of the growers involved in the collection and you can survey procedure was anticipate.
All information regarding studies are processed from inside the Do well database and you can shipped in order to SPSS fifteen.0 to own study (SPSS Inc., USA). Descriptive analytics and you will bi-variate correlations (Pearson, two tailed) was basically accomplished.
The fresh new snowball method used to find farmers keeping potato landraces was productive. The new growers inside for every venue discussed other growers having certain landraces. Shortly after checking all possible farmers regarding areas that have landraces, except for the Chimborazo in which a whole lot more producers had landraces within their industries, additional landraces were traced having range. Inside the basic stop by at Carchi, 14 accessions out of potato landraces were obtained on Montufar canton. The next trip later on one to season additional another 38 landraces. To own Chimborazo, INIAP-CIP held a portfolio objective in early 2006 so you can a few cantons: Colta and you will Guamote. During the time, 46 landraces was gathered. A complementary range done in 2008 various other cantons (Guano, Penipe, Rio-bamba, Alausi and you can Chunchi) triggered 16 the newest landraces. For the Loja, while in the , sixty potato landraces was accumulated. A maximum of 174 landrace accessions was gathered off 17, 28 and you will 30 farmers during the Carchi, Chimborazo and you will Loja, respectively. Farmers expanding potato landraces was indeed scarcer for the Carchi and you will distribute inside Loja (and therefore more complicated locate), whilst in Chimborazo every producers (for instance the indigenous communities) leftover dated landraces in their areas.